Yes, as the first word of a sentence or leading heading, you would capitalize. .. see message
Posted By: alm on 2005-11-11
In Reply to: From the Centers for Disease Control - it is capped! - PMS
Subject: Yes, as the first word of a sentence or leading heading, you would capitalize. .. see message
The following is taken from the Centers for Disease Control website also... note in the middle of the sentence, gray is not capitalized. :)
Primer on Radiation Measurement
In the aftermath of a radiological emergency the public will see radiation and its potential hazards described in many different and sometimes confusing ways. This primer is intended to help journalists and community leaders understand these terms.
Activity or radioactivity is measured by the number of atoms disintegrating per unit time. A becquerel is 1 disintegration per second. A curie is 37 billion disintegrations per second, which is the number of disintegrations per second in 1 gram of pure radium. A disintegrating atom can emit a beta particle, an alpha particle, a gamma ray, or some combination of all these, so becquerels or curies alone do not provide enough information to assess the risk to a person from a radioactive source.
Disintegrating atoms emit different forms of radiation–—alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, or x-rays. As radiation moves through the body, it dislodges electrons from atoms, disrupting molecules. Each time this happens, the radiation loses some energy until it escapes from the body or disappears. The energy deposited indicates the number of molecules disrupted. The energy the radiation deposits in tissue is called the dose, or more correctly, the absorbed dose. The units of measure for absorbed dose are the gray (1 joule per kilogram of tissue) or the rad (1/100 of a gray). The cumulative dose is the total absorbed dose or energy deposited by the body or a region of the body from repeated or prolonged exposures.
Alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, and x-rays affect tissue in different ways. Alpha particles disrupt more molecules in a shorter distance than gamma rays. A measure of the biologic risk of the energy deposited is the dose equivalent. The units of dose equivalent are sieverts or rem. Dose equivalent is calculated by multiplying the absorbed dose by a quality factor.
Sometimes a large number of people have been exposed to a source of ionizing radiation. To assess the potential health effects, scientists often multiply the exposure per person by the number of persons and call this the collective dose. Collective dose is expressed as “person-rem” or “person-sieverts.”
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Hi, Julia, capitalize when used as heading, otherwise, SM
Subject: Hi, Julia, capitalize when used as heading, otherwise, SM
it is part of the sentence and should not be capizalized, somewhat like saying that patient is coming in for a complete physical exam, would not need to capitalize.
Is untorsed a word? See sentence in message.
Subject: Is untorsed a word? See sentence in message.
Enlarged right ovarian cyst, measuring approximately 8 cm, untorsed and pink in nature.
Is it in the heading or in a sentence?
Subject: Is it in the heading or in a sentence?
I wouldn't change it in the heading, but if it sounds awkward in the sentence and your client doesn't want verbatim....
If it is used in heading, as in Diagnosis: XXX, then yes, but if just in body of report in sentence,
Subject: If it is used in heading, as in Diagnosis: XXX, then yes, but if just in body of report in sentence, ...sm
you can abbreviate, depending on acount specifics and what your company or doctor wishes. Hope this helps!
I don't capitalize them in middle of sentence....
Subject: I don't capitalize them in middle of sentence....
I don't agree with the other poster on this one....my reports always say LABORATORY DATA as the heading for labs so inside a report the dictator might say in some other area, *please see labs or laboratory data*.....so no, I don't capitalize them at all within a sentence....
37. When pH begins a sentence, it is acceptable to capitalize the letter “p”
Subject: 37. When pH begins a sentence, it is acceptable to capitalize the letter “p”
When pH begins a sentence, it is acceptable to capitalize the letter “p”? Thank you!
in general sentence, not capitalize; if stating a specific department,
Subject: in general sentence, not capitalize; if stating a specific department,
I never capitalize this word
Subject: I never capitalize this word
so it should be epigastric distress
I hope this helps!
MS Word will not automatically capitalize after a period that follows a number...sm
Subject: MS Word will not automatically capitalize after a period that follows a number...sm
This is to account for decimal signs.
You will just have to hit the shift key.
Here's everything leading up to it...sm
Subject: Here's everything leading up to it...sm
Reviewed CT scan of the thoracic spine which was performed at the hospital on December 28th. He has some small calcified disc herniations at T4-T5, T5-T6, T6-T7, and no change in the position of his dorsal column stimulator (TAT-10).
Subject: leading zero
I'm having a brain freeze right now - Alprazolam "0.25" mg - do i need that leading zero or not....TIA
Per AAMT BOS2 do not capitalize if it is generic, do capitalize if it is associated with a facility
Subject: Per AAMT BOS2 do not capitalize if it is generic, do capitalize if it is associated with a facility name, i.e. emergency room or General Hospital Emergency Room.
being picky, it would be 0.012 (leading zero needed) nm
Subject: being picky, it would be 0.012 (leading zero needed) nm
how about typing Past Medical History heading and then typing what he says under the heading nm
Subject: how about typing Past Medical History heading and then typing what he says under the heading nm
Please see message for sentence
Subject: Please see message for sentence
This revealed fairly normal bladder with a s/l baufon of slight degree and no intrinsic abnormalities were identified.
see message for sentence - Tx
Subject: see message for sentence - Tx
'Today's electrodiagnostic test is done to rule out 'derdigo radiculopathy'. I too was thinking cervical radiculopathy' but it sure sounds like it is a word starting with a d or v.
Sentence???? No message
Subject: Sentence???? No message
How would you write this sentence? See message...
Subject: How would you write this sentence? See message...
I have recommended that she have a cardiac rehabilitation program as she 1) is afraid to exercise, 2) does not how much to exercise, and 3) does not do much exercise now.
Is this the proper way to write this sentence with the numbered list? Do I capitalize the first word after each number? TIA
AAA repair. Please see message for stupid sentence!
Subject: AAA repair. Please see message for stupid sentence!
Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with Talent endovascular graft with a "36 20 155" left main body and a "14 20 90 right limb with a P 50 10" Palmaz stent placed across the aortic seal zone.
Not sure how to type the number sequences:
He dictates "36 20 155" and
"14 20 90" right limb with a "P 50 10"
I have no idea if he means 36 x 20 x 155 or what!
I hate hyphens! See message for sentence. Thanks!
Subject: I hate hyphens! See message for sentence. Thanks!
Next, a Bard 20-cm, 6-French, double-pigtail ureteral stent was passed over the wire and up into the right kidney.
Are my hyphens correct? Do I really need that many hyphens? My QA has been pinging me on hyphens even sent me a photocopied excerpt from the BOS "for my information."
Word help - see message.
Subject: Word help - see message.
This one's stumping me after 15 years of experience... medical student dictating a report on social history:
The patient drinks one martini a day. The patient denies tobacco use. The patient denies ___________ (s/l - no kidding - really - "beetle nuts.")
Diagnosis is squamous cell carcinoma of the mouth - ENT tumor board report. Thought it could be something to do with chewing tobacco - something of that nature, definitely not saying "drug abuse."
Any ideas? I did leave a blank, but I'm hoping someone might put my mind back on the right page... beetle nuts? Give me a break.
Thanks in advance for any ideas.
Can't think of what word to use. Please see message.
Subject: Can't think of what word to use. Please see message.
He says he will try to give her samples as much as possible to make up for the s/l *underage* (not under age) of what the insurance allows her per month. This isn't a verbatim account, so I can use another word, but I just can't think of what to use.
Word Board won't let me ask this, please see message
Doctor is using what sounds like a varidated sponge to scrub an arm before surgery. What is the sponge??? (TIA)
Cor is another word for heart. see message
Subject: Cor is another word for heart. see message
The muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood. C. Adiposum a heart that has undergone fatty degeneration or that has an accumulation of fat around it, also called fat or fatty, heart. C. Arteriosum the left side of the heart, so called because it contains oxygenated (arterial) blood. C. Biloculare a congenital anomaly characterised by failure of formation of the atrial and ventricular septums, the heart having only two chambers, a single atrium and a single ventricle and a common atrioventricular valve. C. Bovinum (L. Ox heart) a greatly enlarged heart due to a hypertrophied left ventricle, also called c. Taurinum and bucardia. C. Dextrum (L. Right heart) the right atrium and ventricle. C. Hirsutum, c. Villosum. C. Mobile (obs.) an abnormally movable heart. C. Pendulum a heart so movable that it seems to be hanging by the great blood vessels. C. Pseudotriloculare biatriatum a congenital cardiac anomaly in which the heart functions as a three chambered heart because of tricuspid atresia, the right ventricle being extremely small or rudimentary and the right atrium greatly dilated. Blood passes from the right to the left atrium and thence disease due to pulmonary hypertension secondary to disease of the lung or its blood vessels, with hypertrophy of the right ventricle.
Can you put that word in a sentence for us please? nm
Subject: Can you put that word in a sentence for us please? nm
Subject: word/sentence help
Well, it could be...
He has an unstable injury and should heal, with fatigue immobilization, appeared to keep using boot.
Meaning the injury is unstable but should heal, because of the amount of fatigue immobilization (meaning fatigue from immobilization) he appeared to keep using the boot. Continuing to use the boot as directed caused the fatigue immobilization?
That is the only thing I can think of. Good luck with that!
Subject: word/sentence help
I'm sure you do great work. I can't say for positive that is it, but it is the only sense I could make. Words seemed rather plain. Later!
word and sentence help please
Subject: word and sentence help please
Does this paragraph sound correct? particularly the last sentence.
X-RAYS: X-rays were done of the right knee which shows tricompartmental degenerative arthritis. The right elbow shows the previous elbow prosthesis with the proximal elbow implant out the anterior cortex.
IMPRESSION: Degenerative arthritis of the right knee, implant S/L atrusion from the right elbow. tia.
Help with a sentence and word.
Subject: Help with a sentence and word.
1: This was a very deep abscess and I did feel it "would work well for packing." Does what's in quotes make sense?
2: I placed a <s/l valencot> catheter in about 8 cm and sutured it to the skin edge.
Where in that sentence is this word being spoken?
Subject: Where in that sentence is this word being spoken?
Also, is that a time stamp in there, or is that where this mystery word should be? That's a doozie for sure!
except first word of sentence, you'd spell out n/m
Subject: except first word of sentence, you'd spell out n/m
Sentence-it is hard to just go with the word, need some
Subject: Sentence-it is hard to just go with the word, need some
Pediatric cardio word help please, sentence below....
Subject: Pediatric cardio word help please, sentence below....
As you know, we have been following Christopher with a diagnosis of velocardiofacial syndrome associated with a cardiovascular manifestation of s/l trichocypireosis type 1.
Pediatric cardio word help please, sentence below....
Subject: Pediatric cardio word help please, sentence below....
He is a now an 11-year-old boy who underwent surgical repair of a S/L (perimanasty primamanclast) mitral valve.
Thanks for your help
Can't find this word anywhere, S/L encongloma? Sentence is below
Subject: Can't find this word anywhere, S/L encongloma? Sentence is below
This is an x-ray of the patient's toe.
His x-rays show what appears to be a benign tumor within the proximal phalanx, probably an S/L encongloma.
Thanks for your help.
it almost sounds like the doc is making up his own word...what is the rest of the sentence? nm
Subject: it almost sounds like the doc is making up his own word...what is the rest of the sentence? nm
Can you give the whole sentence so that we can hear the word prior to that one?
Subject: Can you give the whole sentence so that we can hear the word prior to that one?
or maybe just the word "pathologic" - missed the reflexes on the end of the sentence. - nm
Subject: or maybe just the word "pathologic" - missed the reflexes on the end of the sentence. - nm
Plse see message. Stuck on one word (bold italic). Don't think its fissure.Driving me crazy.
Subject: Plse see message. Stuck on one word (bold italic). Don't think its fissure.Driving me crazy. Tks
PET SCAN 03/08/08: Reveals intense hypermetabolism corresponding to the mass in the left mid lung field posteriorly, abutting in the left major fizure predominantly in the superior segment of the left lower lobe. This same type of metabolism corresponding to the right middle lobe pulmonary nodule previously noted activity in the lower neck anteriorly (06/28/06) has since resolved.
No...it's "lay"...type that sentence in Word and see what grammar check does to it.
Subject: No...it's "lay"...type that sentence in Word and see what grammar check does to it.
sinus surgery. it is an R word, s/l randa-mul. I think it is an instrument. sm for sentence
Subject: sinus surgery. it is an R word, s/l randa-mul. I think it is an instrument. sm for sentence
The maxillary ostium was opened in the course of this and the ________ once again followed into posterior ethmoid cells.
cor is the heading. sm
Subject: cor is the heading. sm
Some say Cardiac: S1 S2 etc. Some say COR: which means heart. They are just using that heading instead of CARDIAC, HEART,etc.
What heading would you use?
Subject: What heading would you use?
Okay to add headings on OP report. MD states: "Staples for skin" in the upper area with diagnoses, complications, condition....
Under what heading would you SM
Subject: Under what heading would you SM
put inguinal hernia in a PE? Would it be abdomen?
EKG can be a Heading
Subject: EKG can be a Heading
I would put under EKG alone as
EKG: EKG today show no ST wave changes.
This is for a psych. consult. After saying "New paragraph", he says "Review of past medical records." and then launches into: Doctor diagnosed tachycardia..etc.
I haven't seen a consult. with a heading, main or sub, with Review of Past Medical Records. Past Medical History, yes, but not the other. Any ideas?
Please give the entire sentence/context of the word, have lost of Ortho/Surgical/Rad accounts...nm
Subject: Please give the entire sentence/context of the word, have lost of Ortho/Surgical/Rad accounts...nm
Oops, used same heading, need help
Subject: Oops, used same heading, need help
Sterile vaginal exam of 3 cm dilatation, 50% s/l "patient moderest through eustachian".
IV abbreviated in heading
Subject: IV abbreviated in heading
Can IV FLUIDS be a heading or does it need to be INTRAVENOUS FLUIDS per the BOS?
under abdomen heading
Subject: under abdomen heading
s/l "the PICC was created" or "the tic was created"
Thanks! But which book under what heading? I tried with
Subject: Thanks! But which book under what heading? I tried with